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Academic Support Center Student Toolkit

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Open the APA template linked above, save it to your own document name and location, and start typing your paper. Do not forget to delete any explanatory text or unnecessary information to your project, such as unneeded tables or footnotes.

Note: This template models some basic outlining questions, such as running head, page number, abstracts, types of section headings and when to use them, appendices, and general questions regarding in-text citation. Although it follows the Publication Manual of the APA, different instructors across different disciplines may ask you to include features not present in this template or to omit ones that are. Follow APA guidelines when unsure what your instructors want (better yet, ask them if you're unclear), but do heed their instructions based on the given writing task.

The three documents above focus on in-text citation: when to use direct quotes, paraphrases, and block quotations, as well as what to do in exceptional cases (e.g., no author name) and how to avoid plagiarism.

Please see the links below for more specific information on in-text citation from the Purdue OWL site.

The documents above concern citing your sources on the Reference page. Though not comprehensive, we have tried to cover the most common cases and questions that AU students tend to have.

For more information on citing additional types of sources, please follow the links below to the Purdue OWL site.

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MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

Open the MLA template linked above, save it to your own document name and location and start typing your paper.

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Other Citation Styles

Primarily used by journalists, AP Style is the standard for writing newspaper and magazine articles. Although publications may have different in-house rules for formatting and composing documents, AP Style forms the basis for each of them: concision, clarity, accuracy, and brevity are key to writing effective documents, according to the Purdue OWL.

Citing in AP Style is less involved than in other citation styles; typically, all that is needed is needed is the acknowledgement of the speaker before or after the quote (i.e. no date or page number required). A few examples below from the Writers Stack Exchange:

  1. "Revenues are up 10,000 percent," said CEO John Smith.
  2. According to SEC filings, company revenues are up 10,000 percent.

Furthermore, no bibliography is required for a document written in AP Style.

  • Keep in mind that AP citation is used primarily in publications like newspapers and magazines; thus, you'll use this style in Comms or Journalism classes. For academic research writing, you will most likely use APA, MLA, or a number of other styles that require a bibliography.

American Chemistry Society (ACS) Style is the set of rules for writing papers, articles, and other documents related to chemistry. This style offers several way to cite sources: superscript and italic numbers, or an author-date style similar to APA.

Chicago/Turabian Style is most frequently used in the humanities; it is also the standard citation style for dissertations. One distinguishing feature of Chicago/Turabian is that it gives authors the option to cite sources using either footnotes or endnotes: this allows authors to insert commentary alongside their citations.

CSE Style is used commonly across the hard sciences (i.e. biology, physics). It shares some similarities with Chicago Style in that authors have several options for citing sources in-text.

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How to Cite from EBSCO Databases

In the EBSCO databases, there is a "cite" icon. This can be found under "tools" to the right of each article.

Ebsco tools

After you click on the icon, several citations will appear in various styles. Identify which style you need to use. Then, copy and paste the correct citation into your reference list.  Be sure to verify that the citation is correct.