A freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Note: many items will not be full-text. "Cited by" is a useful feature.
If you have a citation (title of article, journal title, author, etc.) to a specific article that you are trying to find enter it in the search box on the Full Text Electronic Journals List page you get to by clicking on the link above.
*enter the JOURNAL TITLE (not the title of the article)
If you can't find your article through a journal title search, email the article's citation information to email@example.com to request a copy of the article through Interlibrary Loan. Your article will be sent to you via email. This may take up to a week.
Empirical means "based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic."
Empirical research is published in scholarly, peer-reviewed (or refereed) journals.
Empirical studies are reports of original research; they test hypotheses by presenting novel analyses of data not considered or addressed by previous research.
Not all articles from scholarly, peer-reviewed (or refereed) journals are empirical. In addition to empirical articles, scholarly journals sometimes publish theoretical articles, methodological articles, case studies, book reviews, or other types of articles.
Most empirical research includes the following sections:
According to the Publication Manual of the APA, the Abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly and, like a title, it enables persons interested in the document to retrieve it from abstracting and indexing databases. Most scholarly journals require an abstract.
The Introduction states the research question or the hypothesis and will explain the rationale for the study. A review of scholarly literature on the topic is normally included.
The Method section describes in detail how the experiment or research was designed to gather data for the study. A description of the subjects (participants) in the study is normally included as well a description of the research process.
The Results section contains the statistics and data analysis. All relevant results from the collected data are summarized and reported.
In the Discussion section, the authors evaluate and interpret their findings and discuss the implications of the experiment. Support or nonsupport for the original hypothesis should be stated clearly.
References acknowledge the work of previous scholars and provide a reliable way to locate it. ... The standard procedures for citation ensure that references are accurate, complete, and useful to investigators and readers. (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, p. 37).