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A literature review is awritten summary and analysis of existing original research on a particular topic.
Is your article original (empirical) research?
Your article is likely original (empirical) research if it includes
Abstract or Methods section states the specific population being studied
Methods section describes how the researchers collected data
the authors are presenting on a study that they themselves conducted
Title or Abstract states the type of study
Examples: Randomized Controlled Trial, Clinical Study, Clinical Trial, Cross-Sectional Study
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are NOT original research.
Conducting Your Literature Review by Susanne HempelThis book is a step-by-step guide to writing a literature review, and includes tips for modifying the process as needed depending on your audience, purpose, and goals. The lessons in this book can be applied to writing the background section for a thesis or an original research publication. Literature reviews are now much more challenging to compile today than they used to be. You need a structured approach to handle the sheer volume of published research available. This book will help you formulate a strategy for making decisions about what to include and not include in your review, and produce a reliable and unbiased summary of the existing research. You will learn skills for defining research questions, using search tools and managing citations. This book is part of the American Psychological Association's Concise Guides to Conducting Behavioral, Health, and Social Science Research series. Aimed at undergraduate students in research methods courses or others with a lab or research project, each book describes a key stage in the research process. Collectively, these books provide a solid grounding in research from start to finish.