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SWK 6511 - Fall 2020

Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-based practice uses 3 sources to make decisions:

  1. Practitioner's expertise
  2. Client values and expertise
  3. Best research evidence

Best research evidence can include scholarly peer-reviewed articles such as 

  • systematic reviews
  • meta-analysis
  • randomized control trials
  • clinical trials

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Understanding Peer Review

Understanding Peer Review

The cornerstone of scholarly research is the peer review process. Articles are reviewed by experts prior to publication. These experts (peers) consider the validity of the author(s) methods, findings and conclusions.  

Scholarly Articles

Is it scholarly?

An article is typically considered scholarly if it has the following items:

  • Abstract
    • Summarizes the articles content.
  • Methods
    • Can also appear as Methodology, Research Methods, etc. This section describes the methods used by the authors to collect data.
  • Findings
    • Can also appear as Data Analysis, Analysis, Results, etc. This section analyzes the collected data.
  • Conclusion
    • A summary of the findings. 
  • Reference List
  • Author names and credentials
    • The author(s) list their credentials and affiliations.  Authors usually hold advanced degrees and are affiliated with a higher education or research institution.

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