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The CRAP Checklist is a tool that can help you determine if a resource is useful for college level writing. Each letter in CRAP stands for a concept:
Asking these questions can help evaluate the information you are finding, each letter in CRAP has four yes or no question. The more "yes" boxes you tic off, the higher the score, the better the resource.
Use the CRAP Checklist below to evaluate what you find.
In scholarship, a document or record containing firsthand information or originaldata on a topic, used in preparing a derivative work. Primary sources include original manuscripts, periodicalarticles reporting original research or thought, diaries, memoirs, letters, journals, photographs, drawings, posters, filmfootage, sheet music, songs, interviews, government documents, public records, eyewitness accounts, newspaperclippings, etc
Any published or unpublished work that is one step removed from the original source, usually describing, summarizing, analyzing, evaluating, derived from, or based on primary source materials, for example, a review, critical analysis, second-person account, or biographical or historical study. Also refers to material other than primary sources used in the preparation of a written work.
Examples of Primary Sources:
Examples of Secondary Sources:
An original painting
A research study and report on marine life
NASDAQ stock quote
A lesson plan for children with Autism
Declaration of Independence (1776)
A musical score for the Opera
A research study on a particular population
An exhibition catalogue
An overview that discusses the latest findings in marine life biology
Stock analysis news report
A book on the topic of teaching to kids with autism
A biography of Herman Melville (author of Moby Dick)
A Book on the Founding Fathers
A review of the opera
A magazine article on that analyzes the study
Definitions found in Reitz, Joan M. Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. (2013). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.